Turtle Conservation And Education Center( TCEC) opened by the governors of Bali, Mr Dewa Beratha (20 January 2006) On Serangan island of Bali .TCEC is developed as part of the Comprehensive strategy to eradicate illegal turtle trading on the island .Established on a land of 2.4 ha, the TCEC is trying to support the community of Serangan to find the alternative beside illegal turtle business. The center harness the potential education, tourism, conservation and research with a liberal sprinkling of business to give endangered turtles one more chance on Serangan. TCEC is supported by WWF, Governor Bali, the major of Denpasar, municipality authorities, the Provincial Nature Resource Conservation Agency and the local community.
The four fundamental aspects to the center including putting a definitive end to turtle trade, by encouraging the public not to consume the turtle products (religious use or otherwise) and to support turtle Conservation in general; providing turtles for rituals without their killing and monitoring turtle size and number, so that their use can be strictly controlled and regulated; offering employment opportunities for locasl from Serangan; and finally acting as watchdog for turtle trade - in Serangan in particular and Bali in general.
The center also directly helps to protect turtles; e.g., by hosting injured animals, collecting nests from tourist beaches and buying eggs from locals ( prevent them from being consumed). The eggs are bred at the center and the hatchlings are raised for about one month and then released into freedom. Out of the seven sea turtle species, three are kept and raise at the center.
The TCEC helps to preserve these
wonderful creatures going extinct. However, as all charitable organizations, we strongly depend on donations. Every amount, even a small one, will help us.
The green sea turtle is the second largest turtle that can grow more than 0.9 to 1.5 meters from 7 types of turtles that are included in the phylum Chordata group Chelonidae, this species eats grass or algae which in childhood and juveniles eat everything or are omnivores, as The assumption is to encourage growth by hunting small fish, jellyfish, sponges, small crabs, green turtles are found in tropical and subtropical climates whose distribution areas are on the islands of the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, including those found on the islands of Indonesia, Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Nusa Tenggara, Bali, Maluku, Papua. And some places become islands or ideal places for laying eggs. natural areas and beaches that are far from the reach of human activities.
only female turtles will come to the mainland to release their eggs. This shelled reptile is migratory and as a skilled swimmer can cover a distance of 3000 kilometers in 58-70 days. In addition, it is reliable that the green turtle breeds very slowly so that it is considered a protected animal by national and international law, with an uncertain age of sexual maturity to date estimated at 45-50 years and female turtles migrate in large areas between foraging and egg laying areas. but tend to follow shorelines rather than cross the open ocean. Adult sea turtles are herbivorous sea turtles. Their main food is seagrass or algae living in tropical and subtropical waters. but children are assumed to be omnivores.
Green turtle distribution areas include the Australian coast and the South Pacific Islands, there are a number of nesting areas and important foraging areas for turtles, they are also found in the Mediterranean and in the northern to coastal waters of England.
Along with the development of an increasingly modern era, many nesting sites have changed functions with uncontrolled development causing beaches that are important for green turtles to lay eggs. Likewise, habitats where green turtles forage such as coral reefs and seagrass beds continue to suffer damage due to sedimentation or even destruction by humans.
Sea turtles can lay more than 150 nesting eggs and lay several eggs during the season, so that more turtles make it to the adult stage. The balance between sea turtles and predators can be counterintuitive to turtle survival when new predators are induced or if natural predators suddenly increase as a result of human activities. As dogs are a major threat to eggs and hatcheries.
Turtles are sea turtles that are found in all oceans, according to scientific data, turtles have existed since the end of the Jurassic period (145-208) or the same age as the dinosaurs. Turtles have a pair of forelegs in the form of paddle legs that provide dexterity in swimming and in the water. Even though they have wandered in the water for their whole life, occasionally the vertebrate group of reptiles still has to occasionally rise to the surface of the water to take a breath. That's because turtles breathe with lungs.
Turtles generally migrate long distances with a time not too long of 3000 kilometers and can be traveled in 58 – 73 days.
Turtles have a different egg-laying cycle from every 2-8 years. While the male turtle spends his entire life in the sea. Females occasionally stop ashore to lay eggs. Female turtles like sandy beaches that are deserted from humans and sources of noise and light as a place to lay their hundreds of eggs, in a hole dug with a pair of hind legs. When landing to lay eggs, disturbances in the form of light or sound can make the turtles give up their intentions and return to the sea. also uses magnetsm as an aid to return to their hometown when they are hatchlings, and return when they are adults to lay eggs.
Not a lot of regeneration produced by a turtle. Of the hundreds of eggs that are released by a female turtle, at least a dozen hatchlings make it to the sea again and grow up. It also does not take into account the hunting factor by humans and their natural predators such as crabs, birds, and beach rats, as well as large fish as soon as the hatchlings touch deep waters.
In places that are popular as turtle nesting sites, hatcheries are usually built now to help with survival rates.
Currently there are only seven types of turtles that still survive, namely the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbicata), Kemp's ridley turtle (Lepidochely kempi), Lekang turtle (Lepidochely olivacea), leatherback turtle (Dermochely coriacea), Flatback turtle ( Narrator depressus ), the loggerhead turtle ( Careta careta )
Of these seven species, only the Kem's ridley turtle which has never been recorded has been found in Indonesian waters.
Of these species, the leatherback turtle is the largest with a body length of 2.75 meters and a weight of 600 – 900 Kilograms. The tortoise is the smallest with a weight of 50 Kilograms. However, the species most often found is the Green turtle.
Turtles, especially green turtles, are plant-eating animals that occasionally prey on several small animals.
Almost all types of turtles are included in the list of animals protected by national and international laws because they are feared to be extinct due to the decreasing number.
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